There are numerous diseases that affect the respiratory system. Some of the most common pulmonary diseases include bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. Most patients with pulmonary diseases may have difficulty breathing due to inflammation in the lungs and airways.
The physicians at Southern California Pulmonologists and Intensivists take every bit of detail into account when evaluating a patient that may have a pulmonary disease. Past medical history, lung function tests and X-rays are some of the methods that the physicians use to pinpoint the root of the problem. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, physicians at Southern California Pulmonologists and Intensivists will help the patient every step of the way in managing the short and long term problems that may affect their everyday life.
Lung Nodules are small masses of tissue that form in the lungs. Often called “spot on the lungs” or a “coin lesion, nodules tend to be 30 millimeters or less in diameter. Nodules show up as white circular masses on initial X-ray and CT scans of the chest.
Usually, there are no symptoms related to having a lung nodule. Most patients find out that they have a lung nodule during a routine CT scan or X-ray for another respiratory illness.
For most patients, the lung module tends to be noncancerous. In these cases, the appearance of a nodule is usually attributed to inflammation or scar tissue due to an infection in the body. A patient will could also have a lung nodule due to a pulmonary hamartoma. A pulmonary hamartoma is a benign enlargement of the connective tissue in the lung. Most lung nodules are noncancerous but there is still a risk for some patients. Further evaluation of any lung nodule can easily be performed by the physicians at Southern California Pulmonologists and Intensivists.
There are several factors on if a lung nodule would require treatment or further evaluation. If a patient is a smoker, elderly or they have a history of lung cancer in their family than they could be more at risk for a cancerous nodule. Previous medical history is always helpful in determining whether a patient is at risk of a nodule being malignant. CT scans and X-rays records prior to the evaluation will help the physician determine if the nodule has grown. More tests and evaluations would be recommended to a patient if there were any concerns from the physician.
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